Visual Basic Classes and Objects

In visual basic, Classes and Objects are interrelated. The class in visual basic is nothing but a collection of various data members (fields, properties, etc.) and member functions. The object in visual basic is an instance of a class to access the defined properties and methods.

 

Now, we will learn what are the classes and objects in visual basic and how to use it in visual basic applications with examples.

Visual Basic Class

In visual basic, Class is a data structure and it will combine the various types of data members such as fields, properties, member functions and events into a single unit.

Create Class in Visual Basic

In visual basic, classes can be created by using Class keyword. Following is the declaration of class in visual basic programming language.

 

Public Class users

 

    ' Properties, Methods, Events, etc.

 

End Class

If you observe the above syntax, we defined the class “users” using Class keyword with public access modifier. Here, the public access specifier will allow the users to create an object for "users" class and in the class body, we can create the required fieldspropertiesmethods and events to use it in our applications.

 

Now, we will see how to create a class in visual basic programming language with example.

Visual Basic Class Example

Following is the example of creating a class in visual basic programming language with various data members and member functions.

 

Public Class Users

    Public id As Integer = 0

    Public name As String = String.Empty

    Public Sub New()

        ' Constructor Statements

    End Sub

    Public Sub GetUserDetails(ByVal uid As Integer, ByVal uname As String)

        id = uid

        uname = name

        Console.WriteLine("Id: {0}, Name: {1}", id, name)

    End Sub

    Public Property Designation As Integer

    Public Property Location As String

End Class

If you observe the above visual basic class example, we defined the “Users” class with a various data members and member functions based on our requirements.

 

Following is the detailed description of various data members which we used in the above visual basic class example.

 

Visual Basic Class Example Detailed Description Diagram

 

If you observe the above image, we used various data members like access modifiers, fields, properties, methods, constructors, etc. in our visual basic class based on our requirements.

 

We will learn more about visual basic access modifiers, fields, properties, methods, constructors, etc. topics in the next chapters with examples.

Visual Basic Class Members

As discussed, a Class can contain multiple data members in visual basic programming language. Following table lists a different type of data members that can be used in visual basic classes.

 

MemberDescription
Fields Variables of the class
Methods Computations and actions that can be performed by the class
Properties Actions associated with reading and writing named properties of the class
Events Notifications that can be generated by the class
Constructors Actions required to initialize instances of the class or the class itself
Operators Conversions and expression operators supported by the class
Constants Constant values associated with the class
Indexers Actions associated with indexing instances of the class like an array
Finalizers Actions to perform before instances of the class are permanently discarded
Types Nested types declared by the class

We can use required data members while creating the class in visual basic programming language based on our requirements.

Visual Basic Object

In visual basic, Object is an instance of a Class and that can be used to access the data members and member functions of a class.

Creating Objects in Visual Basic

Generally, we can say that objects are the concrete entities of classes. In visual basic, we can create objects by using a New keyword followed by the name of the class like as shown below.

 

Dim user As Users = New Users()

If you observe the above example, we created an instance (user) for the class (Users) which we created in the previous section. Now the instance “user” is a reference to an object that is based on the Users. By using the object name “user” we can access all the data members and member functions of Users class.

Visual Basic Objects Example

Following is the example of creating an objects in visual basic programming language.

 

Module Module1

    Sub Main()

        Dim user As Users = New Users("Suresh Dasari", 30)

        user.GetUserDetails()

        Console.WriteLine("Press Enter Key to Exit..")

        Console.ReadLine()

    End Sub

    Public Class Users

        Public Property UName As String

        Public Property UAge As Integer

        Public Sub New(ByVal name As String, ByVal age As Integer)

            UName = name

            UAge = age

        End Sub

        Public Sub GetUserDetails()

            Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}, Age: {1}", UName, UAge)

        End Sub

    End Class

End Module

If you observe above example, we created a new class called “Users” with a required data members and member functions. To access Users class methods and properties, we created an object (user) for Users class and performing required operations.

 

When we execute the above visual basic program, we will get the result like as shown below.

 

Visual Basic Classes and Objects Example Result

 

This is how we can create and use the classes and objects in visual basic applications based on our requirements. 

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